Forward to the Persia

Persia, this was country placed in land, where is today’s Iran. Nowadays, there is language called new Persian or Farsi. This is so different language of old Persian language. This country has a rich culture. Ofcourse It means, that Persian music is very amazing too. Very interesting is this fact, that is assumed, that first fairy tales of One Thousand and One Nights were of persian origin. Lastly, there were added Arabic and Indian fairy tales too.

So, come on to listen music of country of One Thousand and One Nights.

Music of pearl divers

One friend on the internet informed me about Fijiri music. This is music, which is mostly vocal and It is played in eastern arabic gulf states, mainly in Bahrain and Kuwait. Singers imitates such things, like taking boat to the water, swimming on the gulf and, there are also percussions too to accompany singers. They sometimes sing to god for help. One of my friends says, that this music is very similar to something, like It exists in Sufism.

Here is preview of this music. You can listen and maybe, You are from this region, so You know very well this music.

Holiday in Greece

One of the first discovered foreign music was Greek music. I think on Greek music, which is known very best by foreigners not just by visiting of Greece, but sometimes by movie Zorba and main theme composed song. Also, Greek culture is one of the oldest cultures of our world and Greece is considered to be a cradle of european civilization. In the 20th century, Greek modern music was developed and started to be influenced also by oriental music. Famous greek musical instrument ‘Bouzouki‘ is of turkish origin. Due to this, Greeks created unique style of music, which is originally Greek, sometimes without oriental influences.

Here is demonstration of those Greek music, which We know very best.

Music is art of the universe by Indians

Indian classical music is oldest form of classical music. This music was created in the India’s wedic period. Also, indian classical music is not divided and composed, like our western classical music. In this music are laws of the universe.

How is It possible? Indian classical music is tuned not, like our western classical music in the equal temperament tuning, but It is tuned in the pure scale. What It means?
Pure (or just) scales are scaled tuned by overtones. Overtones are tones, which are created by multiples of basic fundamental frequency. Ofcourse, there are many people, which creates another tuning based on just intonation, for example Pythagoras, but this just intonation tuning is based on perfect fifths. Difference of this is only, that Indians used also another ratios of pure tuning, not just one interval, like Pythagoras.

There are two main genres of forms of Indian classical music: Raga and Tala. Raga (or Ragam) is something, like melody. Some ragas are played at some times of days, but those Ragas are not composed, like our music. Tala is something, like rhythm, but this is also not very correct definition. Players of Ragas and Talas interacts with music also. Those people are not composing music, but are rather connected, like with something transcendental.

There are also two main traditions of indian classical music: Carnatic classical music and Hindustani classical music. Word ‘Carnatic’ can say to us, that this word is very related to the word ‘Karnataka’, which is state of south India. Due to this, Carnatic music is played on such indian states, like Karnataka, Tamilnadu, Telangana ETC. It is assumed, that this is first form of indian classical music. Word ‘Hindustani’ is very similar to the word ‘Hindustan’, which means in Persian language word ‘India’. This tradition was created, when India was occupied by Mughal empire. This territory was in the part of North India. Also, Ragas in Carnatic music are very strictly organized and short, but Ragas in Hindustani classical music are very free and long. Mostly in our world is mostly popular Hindustani form of Raga, due to the Ravi Shankar’s popularity. Also, some names of instruments, for example Sitar and Tabla are taken from Persian or Arabic. Those musical instruments are used in Hindustani traditions, but there are a lot of musical instruments.

Indian people says, that greatest musical instrument of those musical instruments is musical instrument, which We have everyone. Yes, this is our human voice. Due to this, there are two previews of vocal indian classical music:

Carnatic:

Hindustani:

Indonesian Gamelan

Maybe somebody of You heard about indonesian Gamelan, or You are from Indonesia and maybe know this tradition very well. Gamelan is music played mostly by percussion musical instruments, mainly metallophones and some drums too. There are also some bamboo flutes and string musical instruments, but Gamelan is characterized mainly by those metallophones.

There are two popular traditions of Gamelan known in the West, Balinese and Javanese.

Balinese gamelan is very wild and hilarious with rapid rhythms:

In contrast, there is also Javanese gamelan, which is more meditative with slower rhythms: